- The Course Design Matrix will help you match the learning objectives and outcomes with appropriate activities and assessments.
- To access all of the Course Development Templates, go to http://www.clt.odu.edu/resources/, and log-in.
Principle 1: Student-Faculty Contact
Provide clear guidelines and policies regarding communication.
Policies should be put in place describing types of communication
and when they should be used. For example, you may have students send technical support questions
support”, and explain what the public discussion forums should and should
not be used for. Additionally, standards should be set for the amount
necessary for the instructor to respond to e-mails. For example, many
instructors make it a policy to respond to e-mails within 2 days of
Principle 2: Cooperation Among Students
Discussion boards and group assignments should be designed to facilitate
cooperative “meaning-making” among students.
Some instructors just require participation in weekly discussion forums,
without requiring content that can spark active learning, personal meaning-making,
Here are some suggestions for creating an environment for meaningful discussion:
• Learners should be required to participate (and their grade should depend
on participation) and clear expectations for discussions should
• Discussion groups should remain small.
• Discussions should be focused on a task.
• Tasks should always result in a product and should engage learners in
• Learners should receive feedback on their discussions.
• Evaluation should be based on the quality of postings (and not the length
Principle 3: Active Learning
Presentation of course projects should be an important part of the online
Principle 4: Prompt Feedback
Instructors need to provide two types of feedback: information feedback and
Information feedback – providing an answer to a question,
comments, or a grade for an assignment or test.
When the instructor gets too busy for personal communication, some comments
can be sent to the entire class. Obviously grades need to be communicated
to each student personally.
Acknowledgement feedback – confirming that an assignment
or question has been received and that a response will be made soon. Students
that you have not received their assignment. A quick acknowledgement
when the assignment is received will prevent time-consuming e-mails later.
Principle 5: Deadlines
Online courses need deadlines.
Principle 6: High Expectations
Challenging tasks, sample cases, and praise for quality work communicate
Principle 7: Diverse Talents and Ways of Learning
Allowing students to choose project topics incorporates diverse views into